Measuring Fiscal Transparency in China

By Zhihan Yu   |   Department of Economics   |   May 3, 2016   |   NURJ Online 2015-16

The purpose of this paper is to introduce and discuss the “2015 Chinese City Government Fiscal Transparency Report” published by a research team, of which I was a part of, at the Center for Public Finance and Governance of Tsinghua University, China. The report of this year encompasses all of 652 Chinese city governments...

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Obesity and Weight Perceptions in Turkish College Students

By Zabin Salim Patel and Rida Malick   |   Department of Preventative Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine |   Sept. 28, 2015   |   NURJ Online 2014-15

One of the ways that people are evaluated in Western society is through physical appearance (Grogan, 1999). The image that a person has about his or her body is largely shaped by social experience, culture, and the media. Thus, body image is an elastic construct and is more complex than Schilder’s definition as “the picture of our own body which we form in our own mind”...

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STEREOTYPES IN HIRING
A Racial Comparison

By Deborah Wu   |   Department of Psychology   |   September 11, 2015   |   NURJ Online 2014-15

While the United States has long been called a melting pot, this country has struggled with racial prejudice and discrimination since its founding. Today, having racist tendencies is increasingly becoming less acceptable, but studies and experiences in everyday life have shown that people still harbor racial stereotypes. One area where this is apparent is in the hiring process for jobs.

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ERIC KILBY | PHOTO

ERIC KILBY | PHOTO

A Synthesis of Large Carnivore Management and its Application to Illinois: Black Bears, Gray Wolves, and Cougars

By Jason Smith   |   Program in Environmental Policy & Culture |   July 31, 2015   |   NURJ Online 2014-15

As increased sightings of black bears (Ursus americanus), gray wolves (Canis lupus), and cougars (Puma concolor) occur in the state of Illinois, it is prudent to consider policy approaches to deal with these species. Each can be a valuable player in improving ecosystems, but also a nuisance and threat to humans. This study aims to be applicable directly to their increasing relevance and serve as a synthesis of best practices and suggestions from groups across the country that have worked with the species.

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BOND MARKET INFRASTRUCTURAL INVESTMENT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH
Evidence from China

By Zhihan Yu   |   Economics   |   NURJ Online 2014-15 

As stated in the 1994 World Bank Report, infrastructural development is essential to a nation’s economic well being, as it offers many intangible positive externalities. This type of long-term finance can prepare an economy for sustained growth in the future. Since the global financial crisis in 2008, professionals within China have all simultaneously observed the tremendous growth in the infrastructure sector of China’s economy.

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KEEPON   | PHOTO

KEEPON   | PHOTO

GREEN BANANAS
A Ripening Fair Trade Movement

By Katherine Nagasawa and Leah Varjacques   |   Journalism   |   NURJ Online 2014-15 

Between Ecuador’s southwest coastal fields and the Boston-based fair trade company Equal Exchange ripens a movement to change the structure of the banana industry. The legacy of bananas in South America is a highly political one—many U.S. consumers do not know that this nutritious breakfast fruit also happens to be the symbol of twentieth century U.S. involvement in Latin America, the region’s capitalist transformation and intense popular struggle. This summer we began to build an interactive documentary film focusing on transnational efforts to amend the course of these contentious legacies: a pioneering partnership between Equal Exchange and a banana farming cooperative in Ecuador named El Guabo. 

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Thought Control Strategies in Depression

By Irene Huang   |   Psychology   |   NURJ Online 2014-15 

Depression is often typified by uncontrollable processing of negative information. Research has shown that some strategies to control thoughts are more adaptive than others. This study investigates how the application of five different thought control strategies (distraction, punishment, worry, social control, and reappraisal) can predict depression severity.

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An Examination of College Teaching About Poverty

By Katie Singh   |   Political Science   |   NURJ 2013-14 

With high rates of poverty in the United States in mind, two key research questions were considered. The first was how teaching about poverty varies across different social science disciplines. The second question was what effect this teaching has on students’ knowledge...

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IMAGINARY COMPANIONS AND IDENTITY
How Childhood Imaginary Companions Shape Our Adult Lives

By Leah Grodinsky |     Psychology   |   NURJ Online 2014-15

As many as 65 percent of children report having an imaginary companion (IC), and these relationships often shape how a child navigates his or her social world. Imaginary companions are conceived as personified objects (e.g. teddy bear) or invisible characters, and are historically associated with social deficiency or maladaptive coping.

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The Effects of Income on Transnationalism and Integration Among Hispanic Immigrants in Miami

By Sofia Falzoni   |   Sociology   |    NURJ 2014-15

 This study investigates the effect of income level on transnationalism and integration among 1.5 and second-generation Hispanic immigrants in Miami, Florida.  Through analysis of data from surveys and in-depth interviews, I explore how income affects Hispanics’ transnationalism and integration, as well as the underlying mechanisms that account for the effects of transnationalism on integration.

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The Impact of Community Action Councils on Their Respective Chicago Neighborhoods and Local Schools

By Natalie Bess   |   Sociology   |   NURJ 2014-15

One of the major problems in the Chicago educational world today is the divide between the Chicago Public Schools (CPS) central office and the members of the Chicago community. In 2010, the Chicago Public Schools office of Family and Community Engagement (FACE) established a division of staff to combat this problem. This staff works directly with nine organizations in the Chicago community called Community Action Councils (CACs). CACs meet once per month and consist of roughly 25-30 members with a concern for their local schools. More specifically, ...

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